The neighborhood was home to an experimental transcendentalist Utopian community called Brook Farm, which attracted notable figures including Margaret Fuller and Nathaniel Hawthorne, whose 1852 novel The Blithedale Romance, is based on his stay there.
Today, people know West Roxbury for its civic activism and youth programs. The neighborhood has a suburban vibe with its tree-lined streets and single-family homes. Centre Street is the main business district. It features restaurants, banks, and shops. Millennium Park, which was once a landfill, is another major attraction. Residents now enjoy 100 acres of trails, ball fields, and picnic areas.